History of Perpetual Motion and Free Energy Machines
created 9/29/96 last updated 12/02 -this page found at http://www.phact.org/e/dennis4.html
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In spite of no evidence of success hundreds of
people for centuries have attempted to solve the holy grail of energy production
- Perpetual Motion Machines. Many people simply think it must be
possible and if they only try hard enough, they will find a solution. Some of
this is from Joseph Bulgatz's book: 'Ponzi schemes invaders from mars and
other popular delusions' Still to this day I get weekly emails from people who
feel they are about to get one working.
de Honnecourt 13th century had a drawing of one.
da vinci made a number of drawings of things he hoped would
make energy for free.
priest, Johanes Taisnerius worked on a
magnetic based perpetual motion machine
in 1518 designed a "self-blowing windmill"
Dee of 16th century reported seeing
one - but wasn't allowed a closer look
Drebbel 1610, was an alchemist and magician supposedly made
one. (hundreds have tried to replicate alchemy too)
Fludd 1630 proposed many machines -people were trying to
patent variations of Fludd's failures in the 1870's
- first of many English perpetual motion machine patents granted. - by
1903, 600 such patents had been granted. Free energy claimants love
impressing people with patents (most people don't understand that a patent
can't promise feasibility)
Somerset 1638 demonstrated many lacking free energy water
wheels to the king of France
von Carnach in 1664 in Germany
designed a perpetual ball moving machine that never worked.
Jean Bernoulli(1667 - 1748) proposed a fluid energy machine
in 1686 made designs for self powered
1712 Johann Bessler aka Orffyreus
investigated 300 different perpetual
motion models and claimed he had the secret of perpetual motion and got
much investment money - was declared a fraud but here's site which believes he
had something that worked had constructed a machine which demonstrated
his claim. another site
about Bessler and another His own employees claimed the device was
Conradus Schiviers in 1790 made a belt driven wheel- others tried more
unsuccessful adaptations a century later
William Congreve in 1827 tried a machine running on capillary action
(many others failed in this attempt too)
Henry Prince1866 described the first partially submerged perpetual
Zimara of Italy
had a huge air powered machine that never worked
Wickmam of the USA
got a patent to a machine with many balls that just rotate around.
Alois Drasch patented a unsuccessful machine in the US in 1868
George Andreas Bockler proposed 'self operating mills' using variants of
Redheffer in 1812 in Philadelphia
made much money on a perpetual motion machine, tried to restrict
scientific evaluation, but was eventually debunked. Afterwards, he still
made money on similar scams.
shoemaker Spence, designed a magnetic based machine which was debunked.
P. Willis of Connecticut made money off a perpetual
motion machine in 1870 - people eventually found out a secret source of
power to it.
Worrel Keely of Philadelphia
in 1872 (he also had a traveling show of exhibitions). He fooled many
scientists with a machine which appeared to run on water. He raised 5
million of investor money (more for the time than Dennis has raised).
Keely tried to avoid being tested. The machine was based on hidden air
pressure tubes. In spite of massive fraud being found - there are still believers in his 'technology' today.
Gamgee in 1881 got considerable
support for a machine very similar to Dennis Lee's which used liquid
ammonia (because it could operate at freezing) - it got vaporized from
heat readily available, thus expanding it would drive a piston. Gamgee
wrongly thought the vapor would condense to liquid to start the cycle over
again. The Navy appeared to have been fooled and showed it to president
Garfield - it never went anywhere Tom Napier agrees
that Dennis Lee may have resurrected Gamgee's bogus engine
M. Aldrich was arrested for getting investors for his free energy
machine in 1899 - he some how was able to avoid conviction and conned many
investors. One of whom was finally able to inspect the machine found a
Andrews in 1917 had a green powder he said turned water to gas
(actually many people did this scam) - he tricked the Navy
T.K. Giragossian in 1917 claimed to have a free energy machine. He was
one of the early frauds to hid behind conspiracy theory. Woodrow Wilson
signed a resolution offering him protection from some kind of conspiracy.
After much fanfare, and delaying tactics his machine turned out to be a
giant flywheel which was charged up with energy slowly and put out a lot
of energy for just a second. In spite of lack of proof of anything
significant his followers still bothered the US congress for recognition.
Moray in the 20's cemonstated a
"radient energy device" to many people who were unable to find a
hidden power source. Some how, the secret was said to have been forgotten.
Hendershot in 1928 got an Army
commandant to endorse his free energy machine - but it was later found to
have a hidden power source in the motor. His sons believe Lester lost his
notes and that maybe they can rediscover how to get it to work.
Johnson's permanent magnet motor got a patent but faded into oblivion.
Schauberger Claimed to have
discovered some special vortex energy in water. Since he died in 1958, I
don't know if his claims have been replicated, but people
are still studying his works
Papf in 1966 was a conspiracy
believer alternative car engine got a few investors but killed
someone during a demo. He tried to blame the problem on an investigating
skeptic. He disappeared and became part of urban legend of scores of
people which the big conspiracy has been silencing for generations.
Franch was convicted of fraud in 1954
and 1973 of selling rights to distribute little green pills that would
convert water into gas. He hid behind conspiracy theory and secrecy to
avoid fair testing. A number of people have run this scam and many people
still believe there are pill repressed by the oil companies.
Carr in 1958 sold stock for a company
to manufacture UFO's and free energy machines from Oklahoma. He claimed inspiration from
Tesla, now his ideas are being used by Dennis Lee Anyone with more
info on Otis or Carini please email email@example.com
Cayce even babble about "Motor's
with no Fuel"
was claimed to use air as a fuel and
had a patent. (a patent doesn't mean something works)
Evgray machine scammed
many investors (who didn't know how to test 'depleted' batteries). The
perpetrators refused to let a knowledgeable person test the device. And
the DA had trouble charging them because investments weren't made as stock
purchases. A skeptical investigator who I talked with was denied
permission to examine the device (skeptics rarely get a close look at this
Burke in 1977 collected $800,000 of
investor money (again, mostly from bible believing farmers) for a 'self
acting pump'. He tried to hid behind religion. He called his device
Jeremiah 33:3' Finally, an open test was done in 1979 and found a hidden
source of electricity. His believers (with an infinite supply of denial )
still raised $250,000 to get out of a fraud conviction. He still went on
making lots of claims with no evidence.
Adams in 1977 made all kinds of conspiracy and OU claims in New Zealand.Many still
believe in the Adams
Motor . - He had the obligatory battles over patents, debates over theory,
debates over power measurement and dabbling in other areas of alt physics.
He's 80 years old and said to have a scientific education. He has a
lot of theories about Aether. Skeptical information
Stewart in 1978 got over $3,000,000 of investment money (much
from farmers) for a closed cycle engine using freon rather than water.
This 'engine' used the same scheme John Gamgee tried to sell the navy in
1882. -Eric Krieg thinks this is the same approach Dennis Lee's free
energy machine works on. I think he just faded away (people claim he was
Johnson of Elgin
Illinois, claimed to have
invented a cold fusion, laser activated, magnetic motor that produced 525
HP, weighed 475 lbs, and would propel a large truck or bus 100,000 miles
on about 2 lbs of deuterium. After signing a number of dealers, he moved
all his equipment out of his labs, moved to CA and died. (to this day,
folks say he was silenced by OPEC)
Maglich was a physicist and claimed to have a device in 1978
which harnessed fusion power from sea water. They say they put power in
and get more power out. I've never heard of them since.
Johnson got a patent for
a device that
claimed to make free energy from a motor like device. (Note:
a patent doesn't mean something works). As of 11/02, Stephen was
claiming he would soon mail out samples of working
ones. By 12/12/02, Stephen dropped out of contact.
Kenyon had a device claimed to produce more energy than
consumed. Calculations seemed to not take power factor (also known as
phase angle) into account. It never openly had it's output hooked up to
its input. Even Dennis Lee tells his followers that all the over unity
motors (claim to make more electricity than consumed) usually just
fool people who can't measure power factor.
Moter Bill muller and Carmen
muller of Germany
raised money on an overunity motor and got a few followers, but never
actually demonstrated one working
Newman in 1984 claimed to have a free energy machine
based on alternative physics. Like many perpetual motion inventors, he
sued the US
patent office. Many people wrongly measured the true power output of this
machine, (they didn't realize you must specially calculate power for non
sinusoidal current consumption). He now refuses to ship a unit for
testing. Ten years ago, inventor Joseph Newman gave a open
week-long demonstration in the Super dome in New Orleans. Over 9,000 people attended
from across the country (including Dennis Lee who
reportedly wanted to join his ideas with Newman. ) Newman is suing some
former investors he claims are trying to steal his invention. I give more information.
Evan Soule of Newman's organization offers a rebuttal
1988 has been promising to
demonstrate free electricity "in a month or two". He is much like Newman in
his mixture of religion & extremist politics, evasion of qualified
investigators, endless promises, threatening detractors, etc. He had a Fischer engine, a CRD
device and now, and OU motor device. Dennis has invested in
Searle and Stanley Meyer
and joined Pantone in 2001
in a 50 state tour.
Meyer 1996 claimed to have a water powered car and was also
big on mixing Christianity and patriot politics in with fringe
science. Meyer was found guilty of fraud after his Water Fuel Cell was
tested before an Ohio
judge. It is rare for an inventor to be prosecuted for an invention that does
not work, but Meyer's problem was that he had been selling
"dealerships", offering investors the "right to do
business'' in Water Fuel Cell technology. Meyer refused to allow anyone
else to measure his device. Dennis
Lee invested in him. He died in early 1998.Stanley
Meyers gets locked up for phony water powered cars
De Palma had a machine in 1986 -
which appeared to one Electrical Engineering professor to put out 4 times
more power than consumed. Turned out it was just a measurement error. (I
could go on and on with such examples) Bruce was a substance abuser living
very high off investor money and unwilling to help investigators
like PSITRON. A pathetic summary of the death of free energy
dePalma and a site dedicated to Bruce.
Potapov sold a device that was
claimed to produce more energy than consumed, there are claims that these
didn't work and that people did not have refunds.
Bedini claims to have a free energy device, but seems closed
to having competent independent people investigate John Bedini's
claims a An independent writing on Can you get excess power with magnets and
Finsrud is a Norwegian artist who
made a sculpture where a metal ball moves for weeks apparently with no
outside influence. more info
Watts of Las Vegas in around 1990 had a patented CEACU.
which stands for Centrifugal Energy Amplification and Conversion
Unit - it turned out to be one more investment fraud.
Reed of Oklahoma, was ready to issue licences
for manufacturing his permanent magnet motor etc. He's taking investment
money for a device he claims puts out more heat energy than input
energy. He says he's dumped a few million into his designs over the last
10 years and had little interst in my prize offer when I contacted him in
Hamel has a lot of Free energy ideas from Planet Kladen also check my info on him
Marinov claimed to have proven much alternative physics and to
have contacted a strange cult that claims to have a Free Energy Machine.
He committed suicide on July 15, 1997. more
information, But he left behind some intense rants
Watson sold kits for a rolling ball
and track that were thought to have over unity in 1997. Attempts of
replication I know of have failed. It may have been lack of proper level
or measuring. People have reported being unable to get their money back.
For other opinions, go to : smot2a failure to confirm
Brown scammed a lot of gullible
investors in Austrailia for years with his Browns Gas claims. Eventually
was picked up by Dennis Lee
(who eventually declared him insane) and finally died in 1998.
These people have claimed to have a device
that puts out anomalous yet small amounts of heat - maybe cold fusion.
They raised millions. As of 10/97, they have not been willing to
have me come over and see for myself. They have said, we want people to
think it doesn't work so we won't have competition. I've wondered if
the energy may have come from not accounting for friction effects from the
cooling flow through the pellets. (Jed Rothwell a rational editor
Energy Magazine says "however, tests with CETI cells at
Motorola, SRI and the French Atomic Energy Commission show no measurable
friction) Milton Rothman has a response
I openly admit that I have not followed all the history of cold fusion claims and am
generally ignorant on the subject.
Jan 98 Barbara Hickox allegedly has a patent dating from 1981
for a $7500 fusion powered free energy system. I've started asking her for
proof as of 10/98
Tewariof India claims to have a device
that is 200% efficient (I'm told his measurement is
is a Swiss company selling FE
machines found at www.rqm.ch
- I heard they filed for bankruptcy 7/99
King is looking for people to buy
stock for a car he plans to drive across the country using just 2 12 volt
batteries. You can contact Ted
if you want to buy shares.
Perreault has claimed to have discovered a new element, the
plasmatron, ion pump, radiant energy device, etc. He's said to be constantly trying to raise more
Pomerleau of Canada
claims to have something that works, but he isn't interested in releasing
it (as 12/97)
Collin of Australia claims revelation
from God (like most of these people) to make a free energy device.
A Stephen Mark claimed he invented it. Investors are still out for around
and Takahashi -
both of Japan
claimed in the 90's to have overunity
devices. - it did nothing more than drain batteries.
Systems of Ohio 1999 Sanjay Amin got 1.6
million investment dollars for a device
that would violate the 2nd law of
thermodynamics. I've asked them to apply for my prize for proof. - they
seem to have folded. See a rational
review of Amin's claims.
Cella is a kooky guy who has claimed
to have one of the many cars said to run on water.
LeBreton in 1999 claimed to be making
a 600 hp free energy
machine He asks for funding, people
say he is a mental case.
Boscolio in 1999 in Italy
claimed to have low-energy nuclear reactions but refused to supply real
proof that he promised to people who came out from Infinite Energy
Magazine. Dave Cappelletti is said to still be collecting money for this.
Konzen of Seattle
says he has an overunity
motor in Jan of 2000 that anyone can see.
Motor. In 10/00, Steve
Elswick thought it was overunity. But David Sligar who paid $175 for
plans could not get it working. It is reported to have run from a
hidden microwave source of remote power
Brits and Victor Christie in 2001, claim the Lutec free
electricity over unity motor/generator will soon be in Australia. They have
little evidence and are trying to get small time people to send in money. to
an off shore account As of 7/13/01, they have not responded to
requests for validation.
in 2002,an Irish company has claimed to have free
electricity. (some have said it is
just a joke) info
Technology -Wayne Cochran died 12/29/02 Crazy Jack Carey firstname.lastname@example.org 622took over -he is more nuts than most, they have
been promising FE soon for about 20 years now. @aol.com
Bearden’s MEG device Tom has given classes teaching theory before people
who don’t have the math background to see it is just gobbledegook.. A
rational review of meg claims and Randi’s info and my info –
Bearden’s followers won’t allow this on their discussion
- Gurbakhsh Singh Mann of India claims to have
invented a gravity and
buoyancy perpetual motion machines
J. Marshall in Las
Vegas has a device called QSFG which stands for quick start fuelless
generator he says 64
nations have asked him to build factories They claim to have been
offered billions for the technology. He is said to have gotten an American
Indian tribe to finance his efforts. According to news reports, he was
released from the slammer in 1998, after serving time for fraud and grand
theft auto - he's
failed to pay employees..
Tilley and Robert Kibbey in 6/2001 in Tennessee have claimed some over unity device
and other stuff. Their
demonstration failed in 9/02 and as of 11/02, they have been evading proper
Walker in 9/2002 promised to send me and several others a free
energy machine in mail. As of
12/02, still not here.
promised to make some kind of free energy This Norwegian guy said he was cheated out of $6000 by them.
Genesis World Energy In 2002 this group claimed to have 400
people who developed some device that sounds like it separates water into
H2 and O2 using less energy than mainstream science says is possible. As of 2003, they have evaded independent
confirmation. More info APS review
Greer (Disclosure Project) In 02.2003, Steven announced he had
discovered some real sources of Free energy which he promised to make sure
get proven to the general public. Many say that Greer is just
Muller of Canada In.2003, he
claimed to have some kind of OU device.
tests found it under unity
In 2003 this Greek
company promised a homopolar magnet
(De Palma design) FE design by June of 2003. They actively seek investors.
Mark In according to
this report has
been scamming people out of big money based on a faked over
unity – he’s thought to have preyed on dopey Hollywood
more reading of free energy scams check
out the perpetual motion chapter of Jack Phins 'the 7 Follies of Science' -
also the book 'Perpetual Motion: The History of an Obsession' and 'The
Perpetual motion Mystery ' by John Collins and 'The Manual of Free Energy
Devices and Systems' by D. A. Kelly. I have tried to let all the latest
free energy claimants know of my
prize for proof
· The Museum of Unworkable
Devices a great overview of them
explanation of the psuedoscience and mismeasurement in free energy claims
· INE Free Energy
Devices Database - - another great list of FE claims
Creator of this
here page and his skeptic pages
and crack pot pages
Milt's discussion of Free
Energy and Ceti
A excellent history of perpetual motion machines from an
· My open prize money for a real free
back to my
main page about Dennis Lee. -
· how to become a Free Energy con man
· what about 300 mpg carburetors?
· Eric's discussion of real forms of
· A more believing
history of free energy claims
· Another good overview
of Free energy claimants Crank
Dot Net | free energy
· Bob Schadewald claims to have
invented a Perpetual
motion machine - but will the big conspiracy stop him?
CLAIMS REQUIRE EXTRAORDINARY EVIDENCE!
· . FREE
· For a totally
different interpretation, check out this conspiracy believing history of free energy 'inventions'
I think the writer of it doesn't understand that many fraud perpetrators claim
they've been offered outrageous sums to hook investors and then disappear after
being detected to avoid incarceration - which gets interpreted by believers as
evidence of a conspiracy.
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